1. Introduction
2. Assistance
3. Publications Lists
4. Helpful Links
5. Researchers/Observers and NOIRLab Staff
5.1 NOIRLab Staff
5.2 REU/PIA Students
6. Mid-Scale Observatories (MSO): KPNO and CTIO
6.1 Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO)
  6.1.1 4m (Mayall) Telescope
   6.1.1.1 Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI)
  6.1.2 WIYN Observatory
6.2 Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
  6.2.1 4m (Blanco) telescope using an instrument other than DECam
  6.2.2 4m (Blanco) telescope using DECam, community users with time granted by NOIRLab
  6.2.3 4m (Blanco) telescope using DECam as part of the Dark Energy Survey
  6.2.4 SMARTS Consortium Telescopes (0.9m; 1.0m; 1.3m; 1.5m)
  6.2.5 Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) telescope
6.3 Community-Access Time Granted by NOIRLab on Non-NOIRLab Telescopes
  6.3.1 Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT)
  6.3.2 Las Cumbres Observatory
  6.3.3 CHARA Array
  6.3.4 Telescope System Instrumentation Program (TSIP): Keck I; Keck II; Magellan I; Magellan II; MMT; Hale telescope
   6.3.4.1 Keck I and II
   6.3.4.2 Magellan I and II
   6.3.4.3 MMT
   6.3.4.4 Hale Telescope
7. Community Science and Data Center (CSDC)
7.1 NOIRLab Astro Data Archive
  7.1.1 NOIRLab Astro Data Archive survey program data (other than Dark Energy Survey data)
  7.1.2 Legacy Surveys
  7.1.3 DECam (Dark Energy Camera) data on the Blanco telescope (see below for Dark Energy Survey data usage)
  7.1.4 Dark Energy Survey public archival data
  7.1.5 Other Services and Data in the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive
  7.1.6 IRAF (Image Reduction and Analysis Facility)
7.2 Astro Data Lab
7.3 ANTARES Event Broker
8. Gemini Observatory
8.1 Papers Based on Data from the Gemini Observatory
8.2 General Acknowledgement
8.3 Papers Based on Data from Gemini-Subaru Exchange Time
  8.3.1 For Observations from Subaru
  8.3.2 For Observations from Gemini
8.4 Papers about Gemini
8.5 Papers Authored or Co-Authored by Gemini Staff
  8.5.1 Papers by Gemini staff not using Gemini data
  8.5.2 Papers by Gemini staff using Gemini data
8.6 Papers Based on Data from GRACES
8.7 Papers Based on Data from `Alopeke and/or Zorro
8.8 Papers Based on Data from IGRINS
8.9 Maunakea Acknowledgement
9. Vera C. Rubin Observatory Operations

1. Introduction

Observers using NOIRLab facilities and observers using community-access time granted by NOIRLab at other facilities are expected to produce publications describing their research activity at these facilities. This web page sets out how to acknowledge the use of specific telescopes, surveys, and data archives at NOIRLab.

Please note that we use the NOIRLab Prop. ID for an observing run to track and document publications that use our data and data products. Please include this Prop. ID in the acknowledgments section of your publication, as detailed in the examples below.

2. Assistance

If you have questions, please contact library@noao.edu or library@gemini.edu.

3. Publications Lists

The Mid-Scale Observatories (MSO) and Community Science and Data Center (CSDC) Publications Lists include refereed publications using data from MSO telescopes at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory and Kitt Peak National Observatory, from community-access time granted by NOIRLab on telescopes not operated by NOIRLab, and from use of the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive and NOIRLab Astro Data Lab. It also lists refereed and non-refereed publications by the scientific and technical staff at MSO and CSDC.

The Gemini publications database includes refereed publications using data from Gemini telescopes. The page also has a link for Gemini staff publications.

The NOAO North and NOAO South Publications Lists, 19872019, list telescope data and staff publications for the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO). It also includes FY02–FY19 international Gemini Observatory U.S. Publications lists.

Notification: Please notify the MSO/CSDC Librarian at NOIRLab of any publication based on MSO archival research, use of MSO telescopes, use of community-access time granted by NOIRLab on non-NOIRLab telescopes, and use of the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive and the NOIRLab Astro Data Lab. Please notify the Gemini Librarian at NOIRLab of any publication based on Gemini archival research and use of the Gemini telescopes.

Media Contacts: Please notify the NOIRLab Communication, Education, and Engagement group (info@nationalastro.org) if you think your scientific results or supporting imagery have the potential to be interesting to the news media. Our staff can help you prepare a press release package and work with your press office.

4. Helpful Links

NOIRLab Approved Survey Programs

Telescope Schedules

Telescopes and Instruments

5. Researchers/Observers and NOIRLab Staff

5.1 NOIRLab Staff

5.1.1 NOIRLab Scientific and Technical Staff Affiliations

NOIRLab staff should include both NOIRLab and (where applicable) their Program’s name in their affiliation statement, using the forms shown below:

  • NAME, NSF’s NOIRLab, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
  • NAME, Kitt Peak National Observatory/NSF’s NOIRLab, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
  • NAME, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory/NSF’s NOIRLab, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  • NAME, Gemini Observatory/NSF’s NOIRLab, 670 N. A’ohoku Place, Hilo, Hawai’i, 96720, USA
  • NAME, Gemini Observatory/NSF’s NOIRLab, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  • NAME, Community Science and Data Center/NSF’s NOIRLab, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
  • NAME, Mid-Scale Observatories/NSF’s NOIRLab, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
  • NAME, SOAR Telescope/NSF’s NOIRLab, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
5.1.2 Acknowledgments Statement for NOIRLab Staff Not Using NOIRLab Data or Telescopes

Papers authored or co-authored by NOIRLab staff not using NOIRLab data or telescopes should acknowledge funding from NSF by using the following statement in the acknowledgments section at the end of their paper:

The work of [name or initials] is supported by NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Please note that, regardless of placement in the author list (as in first or last author), this credit line must be included.

Also see section 8.5 Papers Authored or Co-Authored by Gemini Staff.

5.2 REU/PIA Students

Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Program and Práctica en Investigación en Astronomía (PIA) Program, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO). Place the appropriate statements in the Acknowledgments Section:

REU Students

This project was conducted within the framework of the CTIO Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Program, which was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant AST-1062976.

PIA Students

This project was conducted within the framework of the CTIO Práctica en Investigación en Astronomía (PIA) Program. This was a CTIO-funded summer student program run in parallel with the CTIO Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Program, which was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant AST-1062976.

Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Program, Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO)

FY03–FY07: REU student(s) funded by AST-0243875

[Last Name OR Initials] was/were supported by the NOAO/KPNO Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Program, which was funded by the National Science Foundation through Scientific Program Order No. 3 (AST- 0243875) of the Cooperative Agreement No. AST-0132798 between the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) and NSF.

FY08-FY12: REU students funded by AST-0754223

[Last Name OR Initials] was/were supported by the NOAO/KPNO Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Program, which was funded by the National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program and the Department of Defense ASSURE program through Scientific Program Order No. 3 (AST-0754223) of the Cooperative Agreement No. AST0132798 between the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) and NSF.

FY13–FY16: REU students funded by AST-1262829

[Last Name OR Initials] was/were supported by the NOAO/KPNO Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Program, which was funded by the US National Science Foundation’s Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program (AST-1262829).

6. Mid-Scale Observatories (MSO): KPNO and CTIO

Please notify the MSO/CSDC Librarian of any MSO publications.

6.1. Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO)

If you are the primary author on a publication citing data in the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive from KPNO telescopes, please see the acknowledgments statements under NOIRLab’s Astro Data Archive.

If you are the primary author on a publication that includes data derived from your use of KPNO telescopes, please include the following statements and information in your publication, as appropriate.

6.1.1 4m (Mayall) Telescope

Please see below additional, specific instructions for DESI.

Footnote to name on the title page

Visiting astronomer, Kitt Peak National Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab, managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Acknowledgments Section (please insert the NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name in the statement below)

Based on observations at Kitt Peak National Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID XXXXX-XXXX; PI: first initial last name), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The authors are honored to be permitted to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du’ag (Kitt Peak), a mountain with particular significance to the Tohono O’odham.

OR

Based in part on observations … [the rest as above]

For NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact the MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example:

Based on observations at Kitt Peak National Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2020B-6001; PI: T. Rector), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The authors are honored to be permitted to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du’ag (Kitt Peak), a mountain with particular significance to the Tohono O’odham.

Observations Section

Include dates of observations and names of telescopes and instruments used.

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the KPNO telescopes with the following keywords:

4m (Mayall) = Mayall

Authors may include additional text in parentheses after the facility keyword to cite facility instruments or telescope configurations. Example: Mayall (Mosaic)

ASS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.1.1.1 Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI)

Short form (standard)

This research is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE–AC02–05CH1123, and by the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, a DOE Office of Science User Facility under the same contract; additional support for DESI is provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation, Division of Astronomical Sciences under Contract No. AST-0950945 to NSF’s NOIRLab; the Science and Technologies Facilities Council of the United Kingdom; the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; the Heising-Simons Foundation; the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA); the National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico; the Ministry of Economy of Spain, and by the DESI Member Institutions.

The authors are honored to be permitted to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du’ag (Kitt Peak), a mountain with particular significance to the Tohono O’odham Nation.

Detailed Form

DESI is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of High Energy Physics; the U.S. National Science Foundation, Division of Astronomical Sciences under contract to NSF’s NOIRLab; the Science and Technologies Facilities Council of the United Kingdom; the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; the Heising-Simons Foundation; the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA); the National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico; the Ministry of Economy of Spain; and DESI member institutions. The DESI scientists are honored to be permitted to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du’ag (Kitt Peak), a mountain with particular significance to the Tohono O’odham Nation.

Current DESI Member Institutions include: Aix-Marseille University; Argonne National Laboratory; Barcelona-Madrid Regional Participation Group; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Boston University; Carnegie Mellon University; CEA-IRFU, Saclay; China Participation Group; Cornell University; Durham University; École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne; Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory; Granada-Madrid-Tenerife Regional Participation Group; Harvard University; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute; Korea Institute for Advanced Study; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Énergies; LinEA Brazil; Max Planck Institute; Mexico Regional Participation Group; National Optical Astronomy Observatory; Ohio University; Shanghai Jiao Tong University; Siena College; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory; Southern Methodist University; Swinburne University; The Ohio State University; Universidad de los Andes; University of Arizona; University of Barcelona; University of California, Berkeley; University of California, Irvine; University of California, Santa Cruz; University College London; University of Michigan at Ann Arbor; University of Pennsylvania; University of Pittsburgh; University of Portsmouth; University of Queensland; University of Rochester; University of Toronto; University of Utah; University of Wyoming; University of Zurich; UK Regional Participation Group; Yale University.

For more information, visit desi.lbl.gov.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory addresses the world’s most urgent scientific challenges by advancing sustainable energy, protecting human health, creating new materials, and revealing the origin and fate of the universe. Founded in 1931, Berkeley Lab’s scientific expertise has been recognized with 13 Nobel prizes.

The University of California manages Berkeley Lab for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. For more, visit www.lbl.gov.

DOE’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

NSF’s NOIRLab is the national center for ground-based nighttime astronomy in the United States and is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation Division of Astronomical Sciences.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 to promote the progress of science. NSF supports basic research and people to create knowledge that transforms the future. Please refer to www.nsf.gov.

Established in 2007 by Mark Heising and Elizabeth Simons, the Heising-Simons Foundation (www.heisingsimons.org) is dedicated to advancing sustainable solutions in the environment, supporting groundbreaking research in science, and enhancing the education of children.

The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, established in 2000, seeks to advance environmental conservation, patient care and scientific research. The Foundation’s Science Program aims to make a significant impact on the development of provocative, transformative scientific research, and increase knowledge in emerging fields.

For more information, visit www.moore.org.

The Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) of the United Kingdom coordinates research on some of the most significant challenges facing society, such as future energy needs, monitoring and understanding climate change, and global security. It offers grants and support in particle physics, astronomy and nuclear physics, visit www.stfc.ac.uk.

6.1.2 WIYN Observatory

If you are the primary author on a publication including data derived from your use of the WIYN Observatory Telescopes (0.9m, 3.5m) obtained through time granted by NOIRLab, please include the following statements and information in your publication.

Footnote to name on the title page

Visiting astronomer, Kitt Peak National Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Footnote to the first mention of WIYN in the paper

The WIYN Observatory is a joint facility of the University of Wisconsin–Madison, Indiana University, NSF’s NOIRLab, the Pennsylvania State University, Purdue University, University of California, Irvine, and the University of Missouri.

The WIYN Board also encourages the mention of WIYN in the title or abstract of the paper.

Acknowledgments Section for other than NN-EXPLORE telescope time (please insert the NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name to the statement below; see below for NN-EXPLORE acknowledgments)

Based on observations at Kitt Peak National Observatory, NSF’s NOIRLab (Prop. ID XXXXX-XXXX; PI: first initial last name), managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The authors are honored to be permitted to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du’ag (Kitt Peak), a mountain with particular significance to the Tohono O’odham.

OR

Based in part on observations … [the rest as above]

For NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact the MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example:

Based on observations at Kitt Peak National Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2020B-6001; PI: T. Rector), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The authors are honored to be permitted to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du’ag (Kitt Peak), a mountain with particular significance to the Tohono O’odham.

Acknowledgments Section for publications resulting from NN-EXPLORE telescope time

Data presented herein were obtained at the WIYN Observatory from telescope time allocated to NN-EXPLORE through the scientific partnership of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, and NSF’s NOIRLab.

Observations Section

Include dates of observations; names of telescopes and instruments used.

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the WIYN telescopes with the following keywords:

WIYN 0.9m = WIYN:0.9m

WIYN 3.5m = WIYN

Authors should include additional text in parentheses after the facility keyword to cite facility instruments or telescope configurations. Examples: WIYN (Hydra); WIYN (ODI)

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.2. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)

If you are the primary author on a publication citing data in the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive from CTIO telescopes, including Dark Energy Survey data, please see the acknowledgments statements under NOIRLab Astro Data Archive.

If you are the primary author on a publication that includes data derived from your use of the CTIO Blanco telescope, please include the following statements and information in your publication:

6.2.1 4m (Blanco) telescope using an instrument other than DECam

Footnote to name on the title page

Visiting astronomer, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, NSF’s NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Acknowledgments Section (please insert the NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name in the statement below)

Based on observations made at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID; PI: first initial last name), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

For NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact the MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example:

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2020B-0536; PI: L. Allen), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Observations Section

Include dates of observations and names of Blanco 4m telescope and instruments used.

AAS Journals Facility Tracking: The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the CTIO 4m (Blanco) telescope with the following keyword:

Blanco

Authors should include additional text in parentheses after the facility keyword to cite facility instruments or telescope configurations. Example: Blanco (Mosaic)

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.2.2 4m (Blanco) telescope using DECam, community users with time granted by NOIRLab

Acknowledgments Section (include both DECam Acknowledgments and CTIO Acknowledgment; please insert NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name in the CTIO acknowledgments statement):

Regular-length articles

This project used data obtained with the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), which was constructed by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the US Department of Energy, the US National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey.

The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Enérgeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas–Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, NSF’s NOIRLab, the University of Nottingham, the Ohio State University, the OzDES Membership Consortium, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University.

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID XXXXX-XXXX; PI: first initial last name), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

For articles in a Letters journal ONLY, community users of DECam may use the following acknowledgments statement:

This project used data obtained with the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), which was constructed by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the DOE and NSF (USA), MISE (Spain), STFC (UK), HEFCE (UK), NCSA (UIUC), KICP (U. Chicago), CCAPP (Ohio State), MIFPA (Texas A&M), CNPQ, FAPERJ, FINEP (Brazil), MINECO (Spain), DFG (Germany) and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey, which are Argonne Lab, UC Santa Cruz, University of Cambridge, CIEMAT-Madrid, University of Chicago, University College London, DES-Brazil Consortium, University of Edinburgh, ETH Zürich, Fermilab, University of Illinois, ICE (IEEC-CSIC), IFAE Barcelona, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, LMU München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, University of Michigan, NOIRLab, University of Nottingham, Ohio State University, OzDES Membership Consortium, University of Pennsylvania, University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Lab, Stanford University, University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University.

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID XXXXX-XXXX; PI: first initial last name), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Observations Section

Include dates of observations and names of telescopes and instruments used

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the CTIO 4m (Blanco) telescope using DECam with the following keyword:

Blanco (DECam)

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.2.3 4m (Blanco) telescope using DECam as part of the Dark Energy Survey

Acknowledgments Section (DECam Acknowledgments and CTIO Acknowledgment; please insert the NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name in the CTIO acknowledgments statement)

Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the US Department of Energy, the US National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, the Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho 12 Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey.

The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Enérgeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas–Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, NSF’s NOIRLab, the University of Nottingham, the Ohio State University, the OzDES Membership Consortium, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University.

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2012B-0001; PI: J. Frieman), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

6.2.4 SMARTS Consortium Telescopes (0.9m; 1.0m; 1.3m; 1.5m)

If you are the primary author on a publication that includes data derived from your use of the SMARTS telescopes obtained through time granted by NOIRLab, please include the following statements and information in your publication:

Footnote to name on the title page

Visiting astronomer, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

When appropriate, a reference to SMARTS in the abstract of papers is appreciated.

Acknowledgments Section (please insert the NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name in the statement below)

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID XXXXX-XXXX; PI: first initial last name), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

OR

Based in part on observations … [the rest as above]

For NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact the MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example:

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, NSF’s NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2020B-0536; PI: A. Tokovinin), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Observations Section

Include dates of observations and specific telescope(s)/instrument(s) you used operated by the SMARTS Consortium.

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the SMARTS Consortium telescopes with the following keywords:

CTIO:0.9m
CTIO:1.0m
CTIO:1.3m
CTIO:1.5m

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.2.5 Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) telescope

If you are the primary author on a publication including data derived from your use of the SOAR telescope obtained through time granted by NOIRLab, please include the following statements and information in your publication (also see the SOAR guidelines available at SOAR publications: acknowledgements and lists)

The SOAR Board encourages the mention of SOAR in the title or abstract.

Footnote to name on title page

Visiting astronomer, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Acknowledgments Section

To properly acknowledge the use of data obtained with the SOAR telescope in publications, whether partially or entirely based on SOAR data, please include an asterisk by the paper title referring to a footnote stating the following:

Based on observations obtained at the Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) telescope, which is a joint project of the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovações do Brasil (MCTI/LNA), the US National Science Foundation’s NOIRLab, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), and Michigan State University (MSU).

OR

Based in part on observations … [the rest as above]

Here is the LaTeX code for the above acknowledgment statement:

Based on observations obtained at the Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) telescope, which is a joint project of the Minist\'{e}rio da Ci\^{e}ncia, Tecnologia e Inova\c{c}\~{o}es (MCTI/LNA) do Brasil, the US National Science Foundation’s NOIRLab, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), and Michigan State University (MSU).

Observations Section

Include dates of observations and names of telescopes and instruments used.

The above instructions apply to all of the following publications: refereed papers, conference proceedings, SPIE Conference Series, PhD and Master theses, Bachelor theses and other undergraduate work, meeting (AAS) abstracts, circulars, and all ArXiv publications. Please note that when submitting to ArXiv, make sure you include the SOAR acknowledgement at the end of your submitted abstract.

We encourage observers to cite the papers describing the instruments they have used successfully. The ADS links to the appropriate papers are on the SOAR website.

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the SOAR Telescope with the following keyword:

SOAR

Authors should include additional text in parentheses after the facility keyword to cite facility instruments or telescope configurations. Example: SOAR (OSIRIS)

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.3 Community-Access Time Granted by NOIRLab on Non-NOIRLab Telescopes

If you are the primary author on a publication including data derived from your community-access time granted by NOIRLab on non-NOIRLab telescopes, please include the following statements and information in your publication:

6.3.1 Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT)

Include NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs in the Observations Section or Acknowledgments Section.

For NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact the MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example: (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2020A-0493; PI: L. Prato)

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the AAT Telescope with the following keyword:

AAT

Authors may include additional text in parentheses after the facility keyword to cite facility instruments or telescope configurations.

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.3.2 Las Cumbres Observatory

Please acknowledge NSF-MSIP support by including the following in all publications relating to MSIP observing time (preferably as a footnote on the title page).

LCO telescope time was granted by NOIRLab through the Mid-Scale Innovations Program (MSIP). MSIP is funded by NSF.

6.3.3 CHARA Array

Acknowledgments Section (please insert the NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name in the statement below)

CHARA Array time was granted through the NOIRLab community-access program (NOIRLab Prop. ID: XXXXX-XXXX ; PI: First Initial Last Name).

The CHARA Array is funded by the National Science Foundation through NSF grant AST-1211129 and by Georgia State University through the College of Arts and Sciences.

For NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact the MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example: (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2020A-0493; PI: L. Prato)

Please acknowledge NSF-MSIP support by including the following in all publications relating to MSIP observing time (preferably as a footnote on the title page).

CHARA telescope time was granted by NOIRLab through the Mid-Scale Innovations Program (MSIP). MSIP is funded by NSF.

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the CHARA Array with the following keyword:

CHARA

Authors should include additional text in parentheses after the facility keyword to cite facility instruments or telescope configurations.

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.3.4 Telescope System Instrumentation Program (TSIP): Keck I; Keck II; Magellan I; Magellan II; MMT; Hale telescope
6.3.4.1 Keck I and II

Footnote on title page

Keck telescope time was granted by NOAO, through the Telescope System Instrumentation Program (TSIP). TSIP was funded by NSF.

Include NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs in the Observations Section or Acknowledgments Section.

For Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact the MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example: (Prop. ID 2020A-0493; PI: L. Prato)

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the Keck Telescopes with the following keywords:

Keck:1(TSIP) Keck:2(TSIP)
Keck:Interferometer(TSIP)

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.3.4.2 Magellan I and II

Footnote on title page

Magellan telescope time was granted by NSF’s NOIRLab, through the Telescope System Instrumentation Program (TSIP). TSIP was funded by NSF.

Include Prop. IDs and PIs in Observations Section or Acknowledgments Section.

For Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example: (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2020A-0493; PI: L. Prato)

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the Magellan telescopes with the following keywords:

Magellan:Baade(TSIP)
Magellan:Clay(TSIP)

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.3.4.3 MMT

Footnote on title page

The observations reported here were obtained [in part] at the MMT Observatory, a facility operated jointly by the Smithsonian Institution and the University of Arizona. MMT telescope time was granted by NSF’s NOIRLab, through the Telescope System Instrumentation Program (TSIP). TSIP was funded by NSF.

Include NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs in Observations Section or Acknowledgments Section.

For NOIRLab Prop. IDs and PIs: Search NOIRLab Approved Programs OR contact MSO/CSDC Librarian. Example: (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2020A-0493; PI: L. Prato)

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the MMT telescopes with the following keyword:

MMT(TSIP)

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

6.3.4.4 Hale Telescope

Any publication that results from time allocated by NOIRLab on the 200-inch Hale telescope should acknowledge the NSF/NOIRLab ReSTAR program:

This material is based upon work supported by AURA through the National Science Foundation under AURA Cooperative Agreement AST-0132798 as amended.

7. Community Science and Data Center (CSDC)

7.1 NOIRLab Astro Data Archive

If you are the primary author on a publication citing data from the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive, please include the following acknowledgments in your publication.

7.1.1 NOIRLab Astro Data Archive survey program data (other than Dark Energy Survey data)

Acknowledgments Section (please insert the NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name in the statement below)

This research draws upon data provided by NOIRLab Prop. ID; PI First initial Last name as distributed by the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive. NOIRLab is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

The name of the “Survey PI” may be obtained from the NOAO Survey Data (Historic) web page. Survey information is also available from MSO/CSDC Librarian

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and The Astronomical Journal allow you to use keywords to tag the CTIO and KPNO telescopes. Authors may include additional text in parentheses after the facility keyword to cite facility instruments or telescope configurations. Example: Mayall (Mosaic).

See AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup for information and appropriate keywords.

7.1.2 Legacy Surveys

http://legacysurvey.org/acknowledgment/

When using data from the Legacy Surveys in papers, please use the following acknowledgment

The Legacy Surveys consist of three individual and complementary projects: the Dark Energy Camera Legacy Survey (DECaLS; Proposal ID #2014B-0404; PIs: David Schlegel and Arjun Dey), the Beijing-Arizona Sky Survey (BASS; NOAO Prop. ID #2015A-0801; PIs: Zhou Xu and Xiaohui Fan), and the Mayall z-band Legacy Survey (MzLS; Prop. ID #2016A-0453; PI: Arjun Dey). DECaLS, BASS and MzLS together include data obtained, respectively, at the Blanco telescope, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, NSF’s NOIRLab; the Bok telescope, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona; and the Mayall telescope, Kitt Peak National Observatory, NOIRLab. The Legacy Surveys project is honored to be permitted to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du’ag (Kitt Peak), a mountain with particular significance to the Tohono O’odham Nation.

NOIRLab is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

This project used data obtained with the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), which was constructed by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided 19 by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundacao Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundacao Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico and the Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e Inovacao, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey. The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciencies de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Fisica d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munchen and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, NSF’s NOIRLab, the University of Nottingham, the Ohio State University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University.

BASS is a key project of the Telescope Access Program (TAP), which has been funded by the National Astronomical Observatories of China, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (the Strategic Priority Research Program “The Emergence of Cosmological Structures” Grant # XDB09000000), and the Special Fund for Astronomy from the Ministry of Finance. The BASS is also supported by the External Cooperation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant # 114A11KYSB20160057), and Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (Grant # 11433005).

The Legacy Survey team makes use of data products from the Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (NEOWISE), which is a project of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology. NEOWISE is funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

The Legacy Surveys imaging of the DESI footprint is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02- 05CH1123, by the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, a DOE Office of Science User Facility under the same contract; and by the U.S. National Science Foundation, Division of Astronomical Sciences under Contract No. AST-0950945 to NOIRLab.

When using data from the Photometric Redshifts for the Legacy Surveys (PRLS) catalog, please include the following additional acknowledgment

The Photometric Redshifts for the Legacy Surveys (PRLS) catalog used in this paper was produced thanks to funding from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics via grant DE-SC0007914.

7.1.3 DECam (Dark Energy Camera) data on the Blanco telescope (see below for Dark Energy Survey data usage)

Acknowledgments Section (include both DECam Acknowledgments and CTIO Acknowledgment; please insert NOIRLab Prop. ID and PI name in the CTIO acknowledgments statement):

Regular-length articles

This research draws upon DECam data as distributed by the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive. NOIRLab is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

This project used data obtained with the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), which was constructed by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the US Department of Energy, the US National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey.

The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Enérgeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas–Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, NSF’s NOIRLab, the University of Nottingham, the Ohio State University, the OzDES Membership Consortium, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University.

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, a program of NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID XXXXX-XXXX; PI: First initial Last name), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

For articles in a Letters journal only, users of DECam data from the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive may use the following acknowledgments statement.

This research draws upon DECam data as distributed by the Astro Data Archive at NOIRLab. NOIRLab is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

This project used data obtained with the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), which was constructed by the Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the DOE and NSF (USA), MISE (Spain), STFC (UK), HEFCE (UK), NCSA (UIUC), KICP (U. Chicago), CCAPP (Ohio State), MIFPA (Texas A&M), CNPQ, FAPERJ, FINEP (Brazil), MINECO (Spain), DFG (Germany) and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey, which are Argonne Lab, UC Santa Cruz, University of Cambridge, CIEMAT-Madrid, University of Chicago, University College London, DES-Brazil Consortium, University of Edinburgh, ETH Zürich, Fermilab, University of Illinois, ICE (IEEC-CSIC), IFAE Barcelona, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, LMU München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, University of Michigan, NOIRLab, University of Nottingham, Ohio State University, OzDES Membership Consortium, University of Pennsylvania, University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Lab, Stanford University, University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University.

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, a program of NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID; PI First initial Last Name), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

7.1.4 Dark Energy Survey public archival data

Acknowledgments Section

Regular-length articles

This project used public archival data from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) as distributed by the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the US Department of Energy, the US National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey.

The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Enérgeticas, 22 Medioambientales y Tecnológicas- Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, the  NSF’s NOIRLab, the University of Nottingham, the Ohio State University, the OzDES Membership Consortium, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University.

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, a program of NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2012B-0001; PI: J. Frieman), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

For articles in a Letters journal only, users of Dark Energy Survey public archival data from the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive may use the following acknowledgments statement:

This project used public archival data from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) as distributed by the Astro Data Archive at NOIRLab. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the DOE and NSF (USA), MISE (Spain), STFC (UK), HEFCE (UK), NCSA (UIUC), KICP (U. Chicago), CCAPP (Ohio State), MIFPA (Texas A&M), CNPQ, FAPERJ, FINEP (Brazil), MINECO (Spain), DFG (Germany) and the collaborating institutions in the Dark Energy Survey, which are Argonne Lab, UC Santa Cruz, University of Cambridge, CIEMAT-Madrid, University of Chicago, University College London, DESBrazil Consortium, University of Edinburgh, ETH Zürich, Fermilab, University of Illinois, ICE (IEECCSIC), IFAE Barcelona, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, LMU München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, University of Michigan, NOIRLab, University of Nottingham, Ohio State University, OzDES Membership Consortium, University of Pennsylvania, University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Lab, Stanford University, University of Sussex, and Texas A&M University.

Based on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, a program of NOIRLab (NOIRLab Prop. ID 2012B-0001; PI: J. Frieman), which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

AAS Journals Facility Tracking

The Astrophysical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement, and Astronomical Journal allow you to tag the CTIO 4m (Blanco) Telescope using DECam with the following keyword:

Blanco (DECam)

AAS Instructions for Facility Keywords and AASTeX Markup

7.1.5 Other Services and Data in the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive

Acknowledgments Section

This research uses services or data provided by the NOIRLab Astro Data Archive. NOIRLab is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

7.1.6 IRAF (Image Reduction and Analysis Facility)

If you are the primary author on a paper citing the use of IRAF, please include the following acknowledgment in your publication:

IRAF was distributed by the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which was managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

7.2. Astro Data Lab

If you use the Astro Data Lab in your published research, including the NOAO Source Catalog, please include the text below in the Acknowledgments section of your paper in addition to any archival data use acknowledgments as indicated above.

This research uses services or data provided by the Astro Data Lab at NSF’s NOIRLab. NOIRLab is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), Inc. under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.

Acknowledgment of survey datasets: Note that specific datasets in the Astro Data Lab request additional acknowledgments. Please consult the specific survey websites for specific wording.

7.3. ANTARES Event Broker

If you use the ANTARES event broker, please include the acknowledgment text found at the ANTARES website.

The ANTARES project has been supported by the National Science Foundation through a cooperative agreement with the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) for the operation of NOIRLab, through an NSF INSPIRE grant to the University of Arizona (CISE AST1344024, PI: R. Snodgrass), and through a grant from the Heising-Simons Foundation.

ZTF is supported by National Science Foundation grant AST-1440341 and a collaboration including Caltech, IPAC, the Weizmann Institute for Science, the Oskar Klein Center at Stockholm University, the University of Maryland, the University of Washington, Deutsches ElektronenSynchrotron and Humboldt University, Los Alamos National Laboratories, the TANGO Consortium of Taiwan, the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories. Operations are conducted by COO, IPAC, and UW.

8. Gemini Observatory

8.1 Papers Based on Data from the Gemini Observatory

Please notify the Gemini Librarian at the Gemini Observatory at NSF’s NOIRLab: library@gemini.edu

8.2. General Acknowledgment

Papers containing data from the Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab (e.g., an ApJ paper), should include the following general acknowledgment as a footnote on the first page or in the last section before the references:

Based on observations obtained at the international Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab [ include additional acknowledgment here, see section below ], which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation on behalf of the Gemini Observatory partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), National Research Council (Canada), Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Argentina), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brazil), and Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (Republic of Korea).

If appropriate, please also acknowledge the provision of visiting instrument(s) as described in the relevant “documents” web pages for that instrument.

Authors are also asked to give the identification number (“Program ID”) of the program(s) under which their data were obtained.

Example: GN-2004A-Q-10, or GS-2003B-C-1, or GN-2002B-SV-78, or GS-2005A-DD-96.

We recommend that this reference to the Program ID be made in the acknowledgment section at the end of the paper or in the Observations section of the paper.

The “documents” sections also list reference(s) that should be cited to describe the facility and visiting instruments.

Latex version

Based on observations obtained at the international Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation on behalf of the Gemini Observatory partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), National Research Council (Canada), Agencia Nacional de Investigaci\'{o}n y Desarrollo (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnolog\'{i}a e Innovaci\'{o}n (Argentina), Minist\'{e}rio da Ci\^{e}ncia, Tecnologia, Inova\c{c}\~{o}es e Comunica\c{c}\~{o}es (Brazil), and Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (Republic of Korea).

Additional Acknowledgment

If appropriate, please include an additional acknowledgment:

(acquired through the Gemini Observatory Archive at NSF’s NOIRLab*),

(processed using the Gemini IRAF package [, Disco-Stu (Distortion Correction and Stacking Utility), and/or DRAGONS (Data Reduction for Astronomy from Gemini Observatory North and South)], or

(acquired through the Gemini Observatory Archive at NSF’s NOIRLab* and processed using the Gemini IRAF package [and/or DRAGONS (Data Reduction for Astronomy from Gemini Observatory North and South)])

*or the Gemini Science Archive prior to December 2015

8.3 Papers Based on Data from Gemini-Subaru Exchange Time

8.3.1 For Observations from Subaru

Based [in part] on data collected at the Subaru Telescope, via the time exchange program between Subaru and the international Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab. The Subaru Telescope is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan.

8.3.2 For Observations from Gemini

Based [in part] on data obtained at the international Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab, via the time exchange program between Gemini and the Subaru Telescope [include additional acknowledgment here, see above]. The international Gemini Observatory at NOIRLab is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Argentina), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brazil), and Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (Republic of Korea).

8.4 Papers About Gemini

Papers published about Gemini (for example, SPIE papers on an instrument) should have the following acknowledgment as a footnote on the first page or in the last section before the references:

The international Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab, is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Argentina), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brazil), and Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (Republic of Korea).

8.5 Papers Authored or Co-Authored by Gemini Staff

8.5.1 Papers by Gemini staff not using Gemini data

Papers authored or co-authored by Gemini staff not using Gemini data should acknowledge funding from the agencies by using the following statement in the acknowledgment section at the end of their paper:

Supported by the international Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation, on behalf of the Gemini partnership of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, the Republic of Korea, and the United States of America.

Please note that, regardless of placement in the author list (as in, first or last author), this credit line must be included.

8.5.2 Papers by Gemini staff using Gemini data

For papers by Gemini staff using Gemini data, use the general acknowledgment listed above.

8.6. Papers Based on Data from GRACES

Based on observations obtained through the Gemini Remote Access to CFHT ESPaDOnS Spectrograph (GRACES). ESPaDOnS is located at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawai’i. ESPaDOnS is a collaborative project funded by France (CNRS, MENESR, OMP, LATT), Canada (NSERC), CFHT and ESA. ESPaDOnS was remotely controlled from the international Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Argentina), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brazil), and Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (Republic of Korea).

8.7. Papers Based on Data from `Alopeke and/or Zorro

(Some of the) Observations in the paper made use of the High-Resolution Imaging instrument(s) ‘Alopeke (and/or Zorro). ‘Alopeke (and/or Zorro) was funded by the NASA Exoplanet Exploration Program and built at the NASA Ames Research Center by Steve B. Howell, Nic Scott, Elliott P. Horch, and Emmett Quigley. ‘Alopeke (and/or Zorro) was mounted on the Gemini North (and/or South) telescope of the international Gemini Observatory, a program of NSF’s NOIRLab, which is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), National Research Council (Canada), Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (Argentina), Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brazil), and Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (Republic of Korea).

8.8 Papers Based on Data from IGRINS

This work used the Immersion Grating Infrared Spectrometer (IGRINS) that was developed under a collaboration between the University of Texas at Austin and the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) with the financial support of the US National Science Foundation 27 under grants AST-1229522 and AST-1702267, of the University of Texas at Austin, and of the Korean GMT Project of KASI.

8.9 Maunakea Acknowledgement

This work was enabled by observations made from the Gemini North telescope, located within the Maunakea Science Reserve and adjacent to the summit of Maunakea. We are grateful for the privilege of observing the Universe from a place that is unique in both its astronomical quality and its cultural significance.

9. Vera C. Rubin Observatory Operations

For acknowledgments to the Rubin Observatory Construction Project in the period until operations begin in October 2022, please see the guidelines at https://www.lsst.org/scientists/citing-lsst.

For acknowledgments related to the pre-operations of Rubin Observatory, please use the following:

This material or work is based upon work supported in part by the National Science Foundation through Cooperative Agreement AST-1258333 and Cooperative Support Agreement AST1836783 managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), and the Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515 with the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.